European Politics International Politics Opinion

Europe’s newest dictatorship? Our thoughts on the Turkish Referendum

Tom Savage-

On this quiet Easter Sunday, dramatic events have taken place the Republic of Turkey. A referendum has been held that will give President Erdogan significantly more power in his job as President. Despite polling narrowing over the past few weeks, it looks like Erdogan’s side will win reasonably comfortably.

(Erdogan has been gaining more power in recent years – BBC News 2017)

 

What the referendum entails

  1. The Prime Minister of the Turkish Parliament abolished as a position, instead, the President appoints Vice-Presidents.
  2. The President Becomes both head of state and head of the government.
  3. The number of seats in Parliament to be increased from 550 to 600.
  4. To open an investigation into the President the Parliament needs an absolute majority (at least half). To indict the President it requires over two-thirds of the Parliament.
  5. Presidential and Parliament terms increased to five years.
  6. The President has the power to create States.
  7. Only the President has the power to declare states of emergency.
  8. To overcome a Presidential Veto, the parliament needs an absolute majority.
  9. Presidential Candidates must have the support of a party with over 5% of the vote.
  10. Military Courts are to be abolished unless they are investigating soldier’s actions under conditions of war.

Our Analysis

Many around the world have been fearing the increasingly authoritarian behavior of President Erdogan. All have noticed that in the past half a decade, Turkey has gone from being the icon of secular moderate Islam to something far darker; both press freedom and political opposition have been limited by the government. The debate between the Turkish government and several European countries that Erdogan wished to campaign in, sparked controversy on both sides and brought this point home. Events started tumbling after the attempted military coup last year, which this referendum is partly in response to. Turkey is still in a state of emergency since those events and it is obvious they were weighing on Erdogan’s mind when the proposed constitutional changes were written, see point 10 above. These changes will shrink the power of both the military and the parliament and hand all of the power into Erdogan’s hands. So is President Erdogan now truly a dictator? I wouldn’t say that quite yet. He has certainly extended his time in office and given himself and his party far more power and influence. But Turkey, like The United States, has a two term limit to the President. When that time is up, we will see if Erdogan shows his true colours. This is certainly though, a worrying sign.

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